What kind of schooling has been in Finland in different decades?

Education in Finland

Girls doing gymnastics in 1950s Source: Unknown

lltalehti reports, you can see how the great upheaval in education in Finland the decades between, for example, has been studying the practice, technical media, the group size and free-time. In the 1950s and the 1970s, changes in the numbers will tell you for a long time teaching Erkki councillor. In the 1990s and changes to shed light on the basic education Director Outi Salo of Helsinki City Education Office.

Background:

Education in Finland

Source: Helsinki City Museum

A 12-year-old was in the 1950 ‘s, either within a training school in second grade or school 6 grade. School was in the 50 ‘s at first, 7-year-old, out of which 7. the class was the sequel to the category.

The doctrine of the school had access to the test, which was tested in the calculation to learn their native language and country information. The majority of students to school arbitrary tried to go there in 4th grade. Those who do not have entered, experimented with often their luck for another in 5th grade.

Students at the school had to pay a tuition fee. Also, text books and school were paid.  It was possible to reach the poorer students through Free student system training school, but “free students” were not that much.

Study:

Study: Only a quarter of the children in the age group filed for the doctrine of the school in the 1950s. In rural areas, where the distances between the schools were longer, search rates were lower.

The employment situation was at that time a good (industrialization). Some used the phrase ‘ the post office can always “. In particular, the poor and those living in rural areas to work shift at a young age was more common.  School was a mess of girls and boys. Places was a school level girl and boy schools.

Municipal co-schools began to set up a 50-century progresses. This meant that the school had both girls and boys.

By the year 1955 by municipal co-school were expanded to every officer.

School weeks were six of the day. In the 50 ‘s school is performing. Learning in school choice was either in German or in English and sometimes in the Russian Federation. The Swedish language was mandatory.  In the 50 ‘s was German. If you all chose German and the category was filled, then the rest was evaluated,morever had to pick English.

Policy:

If a student acted foolishly in education in school, or had behaved in a possible break.

In practice, it went so that students should be in school, not the class. If you stayed two times for the same category, was forced to resign.  Physical punishment was used in General.

Although corporal punishment was formally prohibited, it was considered to be a blind eye.  At high places was the observation of classes socioemotional disturbing students.  Disturbing students were moved to the observation and discipline measures were more common.

Education in Finland

Class of boys in 1950s. Source: Helsinki City Museum

Technical facilities:

Teaching tools were used in a Blackboard, maps, map the stick and books that were recycled.  Group size: in some classes may have up to 40 students.

As a general rule, students were about 30 in its class. The categories were lower in rural areas.  The largest localities categories were so large that the teaching was held in morning and evening shifts. Morning shift began at eight o’clock of the evening shift at 13-14. School day lasted for 5-6 hours.

Free-time: Schools, organized by the club activities or flourishing. In particular, the nature and handicraft clubs were popular. 12-year-old was able to participate in the model airplane Club, radio Club, or miniature bicycle. For children in school  was also a photographic clubs.  -The role of the teacher was really important. They act as guardians of the active operation of the clubs and circles.  By the end of the Decade, the number of clubs began to fall.

1970s:

Study: in the 70 ‘s, the people the school became one of the compulsory foreign language, either English or Swedish. Practitioners of school of the week was abandoned in 1971. In 1972 we moved on to the progressive primary school, the school of education became free for all and was up to the 1-9 class. Also the choice of the allocation of hours changed: two foreign languages as well as a lot of elective courses.

It was wood work, and to learn, metal work, accounting, business, computer.  In 1974, it was found that the primary education is spent too much money, and the number of optional materials were phased out.  Groups came to an awful lot and it was a challenging combination of all options, when all the school should end at the same time.

Policies:

Physical punishment is not used widely anymore, because the famous parents began to deal with it. Monitoring categories were abandoned. Instead, set up of specific classes for students who need more help.

Technical facilities: schools had large numbers of image boards related to geography and religion.The Tables were used for the as illustrators. They had some beautiful landscapes and pictures of Bible stories.  in the 70 ‘s overhead projectors became more common. At the end of the Decade, computers began to appear in schools.  Group size: 1970s categories were large, about 30 pupils per class.

The teacher had to a large class of professionals in such a way that he talked about, and students listened to.  70 ‘s progressed, the class sizes were reduced by closer to 20 pupils. Morning and evening speeches was abandoned by the mid 70 ’s.

Free-time Teachers-drawn clubs held in the 70 ‘s, even though there were fewer than 50 clubs. Was the computer clubs and gum left stuck under tables exercise flies.  Towards the end of the Decade, the number of clubs was reduced by.

In the 1990s a number of study: in 1994, municipalities began to do-or school-based curricula.

The schools were able to provide given the freedom to draw up on the basis of the national curriculum in teaching plans, as a result of the schools began to distinguish itself.  This was reflected particularly in the larger cities. The students were able to choose, for example, music or as illustrators schools.

No longer did not go only to the nearest school, if you wanted to a weighted.  the 90 ‘s progressed, the English domination, sought out, and available to, at least, Swedish, German, French and Russian.  In the late 90 ‘s the whole school staff layoffs was in General.  -Layoffs began to be used as one of a number of municipalities and the savings measure was implemented in some municipalities in consecutive years. It affected morale. In some schools, it lasted for a week or two.

Education in Finland

A boy and a girl dancing on a school holiday in 1970s. Source: Helsinki City Museum

Practices:

New teaching practices, went out on the growth in the 1990s. One of the biggest was the cooperative learning, as a result of which the number of jobs were added to the group. The differences between the practices of the school.

It also brought a new enthusiasm and new teaching methods. The students were to take more as individuals into account. However, it was still a general rehearsal of the exterior. Technical facilities: the number of computers in schools began to grow a decade progresses. Computers were mostly computer classes, which were held in the teaching of information technology.

In their own categories, computers began to began to appear in the decade progresses. Overhead projectors were still widely used.

Class size:

class sizes varied considerably. In the rural areas could be different from the baby boomers combined classes, because the students had so little. According to the classes of the Act 3-6 ‘s got to be a maximum of 32 students.

Time to accurately assess the number of city schools in the lower grades, the student was about 20-25.

Group size has been linked to the amount of funds to be used for. the early 1990s recession affected the local resources and the budget.

Education in Finland

Biology teacher in front of the class. Source: Helsinki City Museum

Free-time:

The recession, the Club began to decrease. Sports clubs activities began to gain popularity in the 1980s and was common in the 1990s. New clubs was founded in looking forward to the 1990s.  On the computer playing became common during the 1990s.

2010 Study:

Education is focused on the application of information retrieval and skills. The exterior, and learning is about learning how to be less inclusive. The importance of digital electronic devices as part of the tuition increases.

Students can enter into their account as individuals and a group of works is still a central part of the study. Also through learning games have been added. Traditional console models have been made.  Three steps specific support (General support, enhanced support for, as well as a specific support) was added to the Act in the year 2010. This improved the situation, for example, the student support services and special needs education, Assistant access.  Change in the law that came into effect in 2013, the teachers were given the right to seize the distracting equipment, such as handsets.

Technical facilities:

Computer (tablet or desktop/laptop) varied recovery education developed in the twenty-first century, particularly over the last five years. The use of the devices has become more common.

On the other hand, inequality is on the increase. Teachers ‘ knowledge and materials you have many differences.  Economic situation also seems a lot: in some schools for all pupils to pay for tablets or laptops, while part of the educational institutions require children to their own devices.  The number of computer classes, when computers and with tablets work takes place in regular classrooms.

Smart board presentation tables has grown throughout 2010 and now they can be found in almost all of the schools. Some schools have interactive walls, which can store what the touch screen has been made.

Education in Finland

Pupils in IT-class. Source: Helsinki City Museum

Group size:

2010-at the beginning of the class sizes are reduced. More than 25 student groups accounted for more than a fifth in 2008, but only 12% in 2013. More than 30 student groups was only 0.8% in 2013. This has influenced the founders of the Group of the Ministry of education and culture to reduce the sizes of targeted State subsidies, which the municipalities have been able to apply for.

The Government plans to cut back on training of 210 million euros in 2016 and to freeze the index increases the size of the election period. Education cuts could lead to yet another increase in class sizes.  Free: children’s leisure habits differ significantly from each other. Phones, tablets and computers take up a large part of many 12-year-old from everyday life. Hobby action is widely available in a variety of clubs and the clubs.

Source: Iltalehti

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